About Pathogenic Viruses
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a type of retrovirus. This virus inserts its genome into the DNA of the infected person’s CD4 white blood cells, permanently altering the genome of those cells.
- Those altered cells act as “HIV producing factories,” creating more viruses until the cells burst, allowing the viruses to infect new cells.
- The development long acting and less user-dependent antiviral products has become a major priority for both HIV and SARS-Cov-2 infections.
Current Anti-HIV Agents
- They are also less effective against free virus and cell-infected virus.
- Must be used in combination therapy.
- Do not eliminate HIV and restore the immune system completely.
- Reservoirs of HIV in latently infected resting T lymphocytes and other long-lived cell populations.
- Continued development of drug-resistant virus.