About Pathogenic Viruses

Microscopic view of pathogetns, colored red against background of transluscent membrane
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a type of retrovirus. This virus inserts its genome into the DNA of the infected person’s CD4 white blood cells, permanently altering the genome of those cells.
  • Those altered cells act as “HIV producing factories,” creating more viruses until the cells burst, allowing the viruses to infect new cells.
  • The development long acting and less user-dependent antiviral products has become a major priority for both HIV and SARS-Cov-2 infections.

Current Anti-HIV Agents

  • They are also less effective against free virus and cell-infected virus.
  • Must be used in combination therapy.
  • Do not eliminate HIV and restore the immune system completely.
  • Reservoirs of HIV in latently infected resting T lymphocytes and other long-lived cell populations.
  • Continued development of drug-resistant virus.